Low back pain appears in the lower back and is caused by poor posture and injury. We show you how to relieve low back pain with simple tricks.
Low back pain is one of the oldest and most frequent pathologies of humanity so that 80% of the population suffers from it at some point in their life. But what exactly is low back pain? And most importantly, how to eliminate the sore discomfort of low back pain?
Now we will talk about what lumbago is, the symptoms, and the treatments against this type of rheumatic disease.
What is lower back pain?
Low back pain is pain that is located in the lower or lower back. Its origin has to do with the musculoskeletal structure of the spine. This pathology affects both young people, adults, and the elderly and appears both in sedentary jobs and in those that involve great physical effort.
Regarding the frequency of appearance, we can affirm that ankylosing spondylitis appears more frequently in young males. On the other hand, infections will be more frequent in people over 50 years of age. Finally, chronic and degenerative symptoms will occur more between 45 and 65 years and will affect women more than men in this case.
Causes of low back pain
Low back pain has long been believed to appear when there was some alteration of the structure of the spine, such as scoliosis or a herniated disc. However, it has been shown that this is not the case. We do not mean by this that people suffering from scoliosis or herniated disc will not have low back pain, as it can happen to anyone. Also, as a general rule, the causes of low back pain are identifiable in most cases.
The origin of the pain of low back pain appears due to a neurological mechanism that involves the activation of the nerves responsible for transmitting pain. In turn, it also triggers muscle contraction and inflammation. Sometimes it can even compress the nerve root and cause a nerve clamp.
The most frequent causes in the appearance of low back pain are usually of mechanical origin and are the following:
- Alteration of vertebral static, such as scoliosis.
- Muscular contractures due to mechanical or tension overload.
- Degenerative problems of any intervertebral disc or posterior vertebral joints.
- Violent trauma.
- Osteoporosis or other degenerative diseases.
Less frequently, we can mention some inflammatory diseases of the vertebral structures such as ankylosing spondylitis, some infections, or certain tumors.
How to cure low back pain
You can treat low back pain problems with a variety of physical exercises. To avoid back pain, it is advisable to exercise regularly. Avoid a sedentary lifestyle and meet postural hygiene standards. The symptoms of low back pain are usually local or radiating pain, presence of muscle contractures, and inflammation.
Besides, you can suffer its consequences in other parts of the body. For this reason, and as a preventive measure, perform physical exercises that develop balanced muscles to reduce adverse effects. Some of the recommendations to avoid this condition are:
- Avoid recovery in bed unless necessary. If you don’t move your back, recovery will be slower.
- Stay as active as possible, this way you will get the muscles to come loose little by little. But do not make sudden movements or do very vigorous exercises.
- Avoid overloading in that area and watch your posture. Postural hygiene standards teach us how to carry out movements and efforts so that the back supports the least possible load.
- Apply cold and heat to the painful area. Cold is applied after an injury to deflate the area and heat is used to exacerbate chronic ailments.
Low back pain treatments
Low back pain can be treated in several ways. For starters, your doctor will prescribe pain relievers to ease the pain. If this does not alleviate the pain, you will probably choose to prescribe non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. If this time also fails to calm the pain, the specialist may consider adding a muscle relaxant for a few days.
On the other hand, there are some natural remedies that you can add to your medication:
- Infusion of white willow bark: it is one of the best natural pain relievers.
- Harpagofito: it is a species of herbaceous plant of the family of the pedaliáceas natural of southern Africa. It will serve as an anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, and pain reliever.
- Ginger: Ginger is very beneficial for lower back pain problems. Especially for its relaxing, analgesic, and anti-inflammatory effects.
- Juniper: In addition to pain reliever, it is detoxifying.
As for the exercises for low back pain, we recommend gentle activities such as walking or swimming to prevent the muscles from weakening. You can also do specific exercises for the back that, along with postural hygiene, will decrease the risk of a crisis appearing. Visiting a physical therapist, acupuncture, or a therapeutic massage may ease your discomfort.
We hope we have helped you with this post and that you can reduce the symptoms of low back pain quickly and as naturally as possible. And remember, the best remedy is prevention.